parajumper coat Antimicrobial resistance

parajumper coat Antimicrobial resistance

parajumper jacke damen Antimicrobial resistance

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Antimicrobials, such as antibiotics, are substances/agents that kill or inhibit the growth of microorganisms, other than viruses. organ transplants, heart surgery). disinfectants, preservatives).1

What is the public perception of antimicrobials?

Respondents (n= 26,761) in a recent Eurobarometer survey claimed that they last took an antibiotic for a viral infection, such as a flu (20%) or a cold (14%), and 53% believed the misconception that antibiotics killed viruses.2 Eighty three percent of respondents were aware that the unnecessary use of antibiotics rendered them less effective; however, the report concluded that greater public awareness was required.

What is antimicrobial resistance?

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) refers to the ability of a microorganism to withstand antimicrobial treatment, to which it was previously sensitive. AMR is a serious threat to public health, with an estimated economic cost of at least 1.5 billion and 25,000 deaths annually in the EU.3

When a microorganism is continually exposed to a sub lethal level of an antimicrobial, it develops mechanisms of resistance to it. This can be caused by a variety of factors,
parajumper coat Antimicrobial resistance
such as spontaneous changes in the genetic make up of a cell, or by the stable incorporation of mobile genetic elements (containing antimicrobial resistance genes) which bacteria transfer freely among themselves. methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). humans, animals, the environment, or food). The development of AMR in zoonotic bacteria present on/in animals or food, can potentially compromise the effective treatment of infectious disease in humans. diarrhoea, vomiting, cramping), which is generally self limiting and rarely fatal.

Several legislative measures have been taken in the EU to enhance the regulation and control of antimicrobials in primary food production. In addition, the use of all antibiotics for growth promotion purposes was banned in the EU in 2006. These data are then reviewed by EFSA, who make recommendations on measures for the prevention and reduction of AMR in the food and feed chains. For example, EFSA reported that livestock associated MRSA represented only a small proportion of all reported MRSA infection in the EU in 2009 and also that 59% of Campylobacter jejuni and 50% of Salmonella spp. the „One Health“ concept (collectively tackling all aspects of healthcare for humans, animals and the environment) and the World Health Organisation (WHO) call for awareness and shared responsibility in dealing with the issue of AMR.9

EFSA and ECDC (2013). The European Union summary report on trends and sources of zoonoses, zoonotic agents and food borne outbreaks in 2011. EFSA Journal 11(4):3129.

EUFIC (2013). EFSA and ECDC publish the 2011 EU Report on antimicrobial resistance in zoonotic bacteria from humans, animals and food. Science Brief.
parajumper coat Antimicrobial resistance